France web news – Annonce FR http://annonce-fr.com/ Mon, 03 May 2021 02:38:19 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.1 https://annonce-fr.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/cropped-icon-32x32.png France web news – Annonce FR http://annonce-fr.com/ 32 32 Coronavirus LIVE: Tamil Nadu adds record 20,768 new Covid infections https://annonce-fr.com/coronavirus-live-tamil-nadu-adds-record-20768-new-covid-infections/ https://annonce-fr.com/coronavirus-live-tamil-nadu-adds-record-20768-new-covid-infections/#respond Sun, 02 May 2021 15:30:28 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/coronavirus-live-tamil-nadu-adds-record-20768-new-covid-infections/ Coronavirus Live Updates: India recorded 392,488 new cases of coronavirus on Sunday, as countries scramble for oxygen and medical supplies in the country struggling with a disastrous second wave of infections. The country has recorded 3,689 deaths from the disease to bring the total number of deaths to 215,542, according to the Union Health Ministry. […]]]>


Coronavirus Live Updates: India recorded 392,488 new cases of coronavirus on Sunday, as countries scramble for oxygen and medical supplies in the country struggling with a disastrous second wave of infections.

The country has recorded 3,689 deaths from the disease to bring the total number of deaths to 215,542, according to the Union Health Ministry. The country’s total number of cases stands at 195,57,457.

The spike in infections has overwhelmed hospitals, mortuaries and crematoriums and left families scrambling for scarce medicine and oxygen. New Delhi extended its lockdown and a fire killed 16 patients and two nurses in a Covid-19 ward at a hospital in Gujrat’s Bharuch after midnight Friday.

Adar Poonawalla, managing director of the Serum Institute, said he and his family went to London because he was under the control of powerful people in India demanding supplies of Covishield, the vaccine his Pune-based company is producing under license. of Oxford / AstraZeneca.

Global Coronavirus Update: The global infection tally stands at 152,804,036, according to the worldometer.info website on Sunday. As many as 130,074,353 people have recovered from the disease and 3,206,479 have died. The United States remains the most affected country with 33,146,008 cases, followed by India, Brazil, France and Turkey.



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After Marine Le Pen – POLITICO https://annonce-fr.com/after-marine-le-pen-politico/ https://annonce-fr.com/after-marine-le-pen-politico/#respond Thu, 29 Apr 2021 02:03:48 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/after-marine-le-pen-politico/ Press play to listen to this article PARIS – Each week, a group of members of the French far-right National Rally connects to a video call to discuss politics. They debate the electoral strategy, gossip about who is riding in the party and deplore their leader and presidential candidate in 2022, Marine Le Pen. “We […]]]>


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PARIS – Each week, a group of members of the French far-right National Rally connects to a video call to discuss politics. They debate the electoral strategy, gossip about who is riding in the party and deplore their leader and presidential candidate in 2022, Marine Le Pen.

“We all have the same conviction that Marine Le Pen will not win the next elections,” said a participant in the call and a member of the National Council, a committee of 120 members that decides party policy.

“We have to find a new candidate,” said the participant, who asked not to be cited by name for fear of being sidelined.

The discontent group, a mix of National Council members, regional heavyweights and local representatives, meets online on Friday. Some are talkative, says the participant; others rarely speak and listen attentively. Another participant said the discussions are being kept secret from the rest of the party. Some members of the group – but not many – have suggested replacing Le Pen before next year’s election.

As the longtime party leader embarks on her third attempt to storm the Elysee Palace, few expect her to do better than she did last time around, when she came in second place in the first round of voting, only to be rejected in the second round against the French. President Emmanuel Macron.

This is a view shared by many participants in the National Gathering. And so, some are already looking beyond the elections to ask: after losing, what’s the next step?

“We will see what the future of the National Rally will be,” said Nicolas Bay, National Rally MEP and critical supporter of Le Pen, who says he is not participating in the online discussions. “It is quite possible that it is not necessarily someone who bears the name of Le Pen who will lead the party.”

Le Pen brand

Marine Le Pen, who succeeded her father Jean-Marie Le Pen as party leader, is a brand in France – and one of the Rassemblement national’s greatest assets. But some also see it as one of his biggest obstacles to winning the presidency.

While polls show Le Pen’s radical ideas on immigration and security have become more mainstream, many voters still view her as incompetent or scary.

“The [National Rally] the vote has spread to all layers of society, ”said Frédéric Dabi, deputy director general of the Ifop polling agency, which recently published a study on his electorate. “Marine Le Pen has become the No. 1 candidate for employees, and her scores among seniors, managers and graduates, where AI is generally not strong, are not negligible.

The same poll showed, however, that Le Pen’s image had deteriorated since the last presidential election. Another recent study found that 56% of French people said they found Le Pen scary.

While some polls put Le Pen within Macron’s reach in the second round, the vast majority predict its failure once again.

Le Pen tried to counter negative perceptions by giving his interviews a more personal touch and talking about his feelings and his family. “It’s time to let go of my armor,” she said in northern France earlier this month. “The French need to know me better, to be able to judge me better.

“Maybe when you’re a woman in the political struggle, used to taking punches, you start to come across as tough, rigid,” she added. “I think I have the maturity today to give up that tenacity. Under the warrior there is also a mother.

Is his strategy working?

“It is too early to tell,” said Sylvain Crépon, a specialist on the far right. “A year before the last election, her poll numbers were close to current projections, and she lost again significantly to Macron.”

France’s two-round presidential system makes it difficult to polarize candidates like Le Pen, who have failed to build bridges with other political parties.

In 2017, she came second in the first round with 21% of the vote against 24% for Macron. But after the rest of the political spectrum called on their supporters to vote against her, she was beaten in the second round, with 34% against 66% for Macron.

Some believe Macron is unpopular enough among left-wing voters to refuse to support him in another face-to-face with Le Pen.

The French president “is not a roadblock [holding back the far right]”Said Olivier Faure, leader of the socialist party, in a recent interview. “It’s a bridge.”

“The duel that was promised to us [between Le Pen and Macron] is dangerous for our country, ”he said, adding that left-wing voters felt betrayed by the president’s policies after the last elections.

But Le Pen has struggled to completely shake off his reputation for dangerous extremism.

Last week, she spoke out in favor of a controversial open letter written by 20 retired generals, claiming that France was heading towards a “civil war” caused by Islamism and the police scapegoat by the police. politicians. His support for soldiers who warn that the army might have to intervene to save French citizens is dangerous territory for Le Pen.

It’s a reminder of the tightrope that she walks between her efforts to normalize the National Rally and her uncompromising reading of the perils France faces.

Unlucky third time

On a cold morning in the north of France, a dozen members of the National Rally turned out to show their support for Le Pen. The leader of the National Rally was scathing supporters and taking selfies, touring France ahead of the regional elections in June.

Not everyone was an enthusiastic supporter.

“I think the name Le Pen has had its day,” said Dorothée, a part-time shop owner who has been campaigning for the far right for decades. She said she preferred party vice chairman Jordan Bardella, a 25-year-old MEP and rising party star, who “could put France back on its feet.”

“He has charisma, speaks well,” she added. “It would be more energizing than Le Pen.”

Le Pen may have come a long way in detoxifying his party, dissociating it from its roots as a one-issue xenophobic force and reneging on its own calls to leave the eurozone. But the voters spoiled her personally.

“She doesn’t cut it; it lacks charisma, ”said Lili, an apple grower, who sells her own produce in the market. “She should have left. I would have preferred his niece [Marion Maréchal, a far-right politician turned political institute director], who speaks well and she listens.

It’s not just the base that already looks at Le Pen.

According to several elected officials, secret talks are taking place at the National Assembly to prepare for the future.

“We know that the next election is decisive,” said the participant in the call, who is also a member of the national party council.

“We are thinking about what will follow,” said the participant. “Let’s say the discussions are a bit under the radar. We used to meet every week in a restaurant, now we talk online, ”he said.

According to the participant, some members of the group support Le Pen’s pugnacious niece, Maréchal. Others support Eric Zemmour, an expert on far-right television – neither Marshal nor Zemmour has disclosed presidential ambitions. This week, Zemmour was drawn into a controversy over his integrity, after a local councilor of the Socialist Party accused him of sexually harassing her in the 2000s. Zemmour did not respond to French media inquiries for comments.

“Discussions are taking place, but they are taking place in a very discreet manner,” explains André Murawski, a regional councilor who left the National Rally in 2018. “Marine Le Pen completely controls the party, and it is difficult to lobby for a alternative candidate.

The closer you get to the top of the party, the less members will talk about a future that does not include Le Pen.

Asked about the possibility of a third defeat for the party leader, David Rachline, heavyweight of the party and mayor of the city of Fréjus, replied: “First we will win 2022, then I will work on the Le Pen campaign. for a second term. “

But the party’s financial woes – France’s campaign watchdog recently revealed he is over 22 million euros in debt, more than any other part – could accelerate change.

The lady is not to turn

Many party insiders greet the discussions on Le Pen’s ouster with a chuckle. To say that she won’t go away easily is to put it lightly. “They are all afraid of her,” said a former party adviser. “There are always plots against her, but there is always one who tells the others.

“There is only one leader and she makes all the decisions,” said the advisor.

Previous challenges to the party leadership have presented all the brutality and cruelty of a family feud. In 2015, Le Pen ousted his father, who had founded the party, then known as the National Front. Le Pen’s niece, Maréchal, and his right-hand man Florian Philippot left the party after the 2017 defeat.

Insiders describe Le Pen as a shrewd fighter, keeping an iron grip on the party by ousting or ostracizing potential rivals. His father made a career out of repeated presidential losses, pushing the debate to the right while enjoying an otherwise successful political career. There is no reason her daughter cannot do the same.

Today, the senior officers of the party are the most united they have been for a long time.

“There is no internal democracy within the party, no strongholds, no internal struggles between different personalities,” explains Sylvain Crépon, a specialist on the far right. “As soon as a leader emerges, Marine does what her father did. It suppresses them or marginalizes them. “

Bay, Le Pen’s critical backer, was sidelined from the party committee tasked with vetting candidates last year, in a move that was seen at the time as retribution for his closeness to Marshal.

Bay downplayed the matter: “I don’t have to be on all the committees,” he said.

But while acknowledging that Le Pen currently has “the support of the party and the voters,” he questioned whether that would hold true forever.

“I think there are RN personalities emerging,” he said. The question is whether any of them would stand a chance against Le Pen.



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Frenchman Macron considers artificial intelligence to monitor terrorism https://annonce-fr.com/frenchman-macron-considers-artificial-intelligence-to-monitor-terrorism/ https://annonce-fr.com/frenchman-macron-considers-artificial-intelligence-to-monitor-terrorism/#respond Wed, 28 Apr 2021 21:55:00 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/frenchman-macron-considers-artificial-intelligence-to-monitor-terrorism/ PARIS – The government of French President Emmanuel Macron aims to deploy algorithms and other technologies to monitor the web browsing of terrorism suspects amid mounting tensions over a group of retired generals who recently warned the country was slipping into civil war. Prime Minister Jean Castex said on Wednesday the government plans to submit […]]]>


PARIS – The government of French President Emmanuel Macron aims to deploy algorithms and other technologies to monitor the web browsing of terrorism suspects amid mounting tensions over a group of retired generals who recently warned the country was slipping into civil war.

Prime Minister Jean Castex said on Wednesday the government plans to submit a bill to parliament asking for permanent authorization to order telecom companies to monitor not only phone data, but also full URLs of specific web pages. that their users visit in real time. Government algorithms would alert intelligence officials when certain criteria are met, such as a web user visiting a specific sequence of pages.

Mr Macron has come under intense pressure to crack down on terrorism as well as Islamist separatism, an ideology his government claims is fueling attacks by radicalizing segments of France’s Muslim minority. A college teacher was beheaded in a terrorist attack in October, and an administrative police officer was stabbed to death on Friday in a terrorist attack on a police station. On the same day, Marine Le Pen, leader of the anti-immigrant National Rally party, lent her support to a group of retired generals who published a letter in the far-right magazine Valuers Actuelles, claiming that the spread of Islamism and other ideologies were pushing France towards civil war.

In the letter to Mr. Macron, the generals call for the eradication of what they see as threats to France’s national identity, ranging from the anti-racism movement, which the letter says seeks to erase history French, to “Islamism and the hordes of the suburbs”, a reference to the working-class suburbs of France which have strong Muslim populations.

“There is no time for procrastination. Otherwise, tomorrow a civil war will end this growing chaos. And the deaths, for which you will be responsible, number in the thousands, ”the letter says.

A 2016 ceremony on Place de la République in Paris paid tribute to the victims of the previous year’s attack on satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo.


Photo:

Yohan Valat / Press Pool

On Wednesday, Mr. Castex declared: “I condemn in the strongest terms this initiative, which is contrary to our republican principles and to the honor and the duty of the army.”

“It’s not about the army. These generals do not represent anyone other than themselves, ”he added.

General François Lecointre, a senior French military official, said in an interview with the newspaper Le Parisien published Wednesday that he had identified 18 active-duty military personnel who signed the letter. He said they would be disciplined.

Ms Le Pen, who lost to Mr Macron in 2017 and challenges him in next year’s presidential election, published an open letter in Valeurs Actuelles on Friday, praising the generals and calling on them to join her in a battle that she described as political and peaceful.

“The concerns that you courageously express cannot remain at the stage of expressing outrage, however powerful it may be,” Ms. Le Pen wrote.

Mr Castex noted that the generals’ letter was issued to mark the 60th anniversary of a failed coup – led by another group of retired generals in 1961 – which sought to prevent the president from l Charles de Gaulle era to withdraw from Algeria, a former French colony.

“How can people – in particular Madame Le Pen, who aspires to exercise the responsibilities of the state – can support an initiative that does not exclude turning against the republican state? Said Mr. Castex.

Marine Le Pen, a challenger for the presidency next year, backed retired generals who said France was being pushed into a civil war.


Photo:

Michel Euler / Associated press

In its new counterterrorism and intelligence bill, the government proposes to expand a predominantly telephone-based surveillance system first put in place after a wave of terrorist attacks in 2015 to also encompass navigation on the Web, with the aim of detecting potential terrorists who are not t on the radar of the authorities.

“We have gone from an external threat, with highly lethal attacks against France in 2015, to an internal threat, and much more difficult to follow using traditional intelligence techniques,” the French minister of intelligence said on Wednesday. Interior Gérard Darmanin.

The original surveillance system, which began operating in 2017 and is expected to expire at the end of July, currently requires carriers to monitor telecommunications metadata on their networks using three separate algorithms aimed at to detect patterns that could suggest terrorism. A parliamentary report last year found that the system “has produced interesting results,” but the breadth of data it collects, mostly based on telephone data, does not provide investigators with “a sufficient level of relevance. and specificity ”.

“Terrorists are using less and less normal phones and text messages, and are using the Internet more and more,” Darmanin said on Wednesday.

Mr Darmanin said intelligence officials would need the approval of him, the prime minister and an outside agency to unmask a person reported for his navigation.

Many large websites use a common form of encryption that hides the specific page a user is visiting, but for other, often smaller sites, this potentially revealing data is available to telecom operators to share with officials. intelligence.

A man offered flowers to a policeman in a town southwest of Paris where a policeman was stabbed to death last week.


Photo:

christophe petit tesson / EPA / Shutterstock

In the future, French officials plan to deploy systems using artificial intelligence to help with surveillance. Part of the bill introduced on Wednesday would allow French intelligence officials to use older intelligence data, including data the government is currently not allowed to keep, to train AI systems to look for evidence. unforeseen models and to develop new intelligence tools. An Interior Ministry official said the data would be anonymized, although privacy experts say anonymizing the data so that it cannot be reassigned later is difficult.

“Artificial intelligence is clearly an area that should be open to intelligence services,” the official said. “We are fighting to ensure that no technological opportunity offered today is closed to intelligence or security services.”

French officials say they are reworking the text of the law to comply with a French court ruling, which emerged from a ruling by the European Union’s highest court last fall. The EU court ruled that governments could, in some cases, order telecom companies to retain data indiscriminately, but only for a limited period of time in the event of a serious threat to national security.

Privacy and digital rights activists argue that maintaining and expanding the government’s power to order surveillance of telecommunications data distorts this decision.

“The goal is to collect as much data as possible,” said Bastien Le Querrec, member of the litigation group of the French digital rights group La Quadrature du Net. “This is the definition of mass surveillance.”

Write to Stacy Meichtry at stacy.meichtry@wsj.com and Sam Schechner at sam.schechner@wsj.com

Copyright © 2020 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All rights reserved. 87990cbe856818d5eddac44c7b1cdeb8



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Barnier to decide French presidential race ‘in the fall’ – POLITICO https://annonce-fr.com/barnier-to-decide-french-presidential-race-in-the-fall-politico/ https://annonce-fr.com/barnier-to-decide-french-presidential-race-in-the-fall-politico/#respond Wed, 28 Apr 2021 20:57:34 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/barnier-to-decide-french-presidential-race-in-the-fall-politico/ PARIS – Michel Barnier spoke of a race for the French presidency in 2022 in an interview with the weekly Point Wednesday. Barnier, the EU’s former chief Brexit negotiator, said he would make his presidential intentions clear “in the fall”, in an interview titled “I want …” Barnier, who was speaking before the release of […]]]>


PARIS – Michel Barnier spoke of a race for the French presidency in 2022 in an interview with the weekly Point Wednesday.

Barnier, the EU’s former chief Brexit negotiator, said he would make his presidential intentions clear “in the fall”, in an interview titled “I want …”

Barnier, who was speaking before the release of his book “La grande illusion”, was presented as one of the options for the center-right Les Républicains (LR) party, even if the favorites remain Bruno Retailleau, Valérie Pécresse and Xavier Bertrand.

LR remains undecided on how to make the choice, debating whether to choose a primary-style system or simply support a so-called “natural” candidate, although the latter option would depend on the results of the regional elections in June.

Pécresse and Bertrand are both regional leaders who want to be re-elected, but Bertrand has already announced that he will run for president, regardless of his former party’s choice (he left LR in 2017 but was touted for a return).

Barnier prefers to avoid a primary, arguing that the party’s primary race in 2016 was “the source of divisions and personal resentment” between the contestants.

In February, Barnier launched a group called Patriot and European to bring together like-minded lawmakers. “I have a number of ideas and proposals to make, on all issues,” Barnier said. France Info at the time, including “state authority, decentralization and environmentally friendly growth”.

Pushed on his differences with Emmanuel Macron in the Le Point interview, Barnier, former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Agriculture, questioned whether some of the president’s pre-pandemic tax measures had been fully understood, and declared that he would prefer to reduce taxes on production, to make French companies more competitive.

Barnier was invited to the European Parliament on Tuesday as MPs prepared to ratify the EU-UK trade deal he negotiated.



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France proposes increased surveillance to track down potential terrorists https://annonce-fr.com/france-proposes-increased-surveillance-to-track-down-potential-terrorists/ https://annonce-fr.com/france-proposes-increased-surveillance-to-track-down-potential-terrorists/#respond Wed, 28 Apr 2021 14:53:17 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/france-proposes-increased-surveillance-to-track-down-potential-terrorists/ PARIS – The French government, responding to several attacks in the past seven months, on Wednesday introduced a new counterterrorism bill that would allow intense algorithmic surveillance of telephone and internet communications and tighten restrictions on convicted terrorists leaving prison. Prepared before the latest terrorist attack – the fatal stabbing five days ago of a […]]]>


PARIS – The French government, responding to several attacks in the past seven months, on Wednesday introduced a new counterterrorism bill that would allow intense algorithmic surveillance of telephone and internet communications and tighten restrictions on convicted terrorists leaving prison.

Prepared before the latest terrorist attack – the fatal stabbing five days ago of a police employee by a radicalized Tunisian immigrant – the bill has taken on greater urgency in a country where feelings of insecurity s is widespread.

“There have been nine consecutive attacks that we have not been able to detect by current means,” Gerald Darmanin, Minister of the Interior, told France Inter radio station. “We continue to be blind, monitoring normal phone lines that no one uses anymore.”

The bill, prepared by Mr Darmanin, came amid a political and social climate escalated by Marine Le Pen, the far-right leader, who applauded a letter published this month by 20 retired generals describing the France as being in a state of “disintegration” and warned of a possible coup in thinly veiled terms.

Published in a right-wing magazine, Valeurs Actuelles, the generals’ letter portrays a country ravaged by violence, swept away by hatred and plagued by subversive ideologies determined to unleash a racial war. “If nothing is done,” they said, “laxity will spread inexorably in society, causing in the end an explosion and the intervention of our comrades active in the perilous protection of the values ​​of our civilization.

In such a scenario, they warned, the dead “will be numbered in the thousands.”

The letter may have remained a marginal blast from a group of retired officers – it was later signed by more than 1,000 retired military personnel, according to the magazine – but Ms Le Pen propelled it to national notoriety by calling on the generals to join our movement and take part in the battle which begins.

Their analysis of the evils of French society was precisely hers, she said, and it was incumbent on all patriots to “stand up for the recovery and – let’s say it – the salvation of our country”.

Prime Minister Jean Castex on Wednesday condemned the letter from the generals as “contrary to all our republican principles” and its use by Ms. Le Pen as “totally unacceptable”.

Ms. Le Pen’s endorsement of the incendiary warning from retired generals also aroused the fury of Defense Minister Florence Parly.

“Ms. Le Pen’s remarks reflect a serious ignorance of the military which worries someone who wants to become commander-in-chief,” Ms Parly said on Twitter, alluding to the far-right leader’s candidacy for next year’s presidential election.

She continued: “The politicization of the armed forces suggested by Ms. Le Pen would weaken our soldiers and therefore France itself. The armed forces are not there to campaign but to defend France and protect the French.

The defense minister said the retired officers involved could be penalized and checks were underway to verify whether active duty military personnel were involved.

The letter, published on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of a failed coup d’état by generals opposed to granting independence from France to Algeria, amounted to a distillation of the conviction of the extreme right that France is torn apart by the kind of violence that killed police employee Stéphanie Monfeture last week. The position of his attacker to have stayed illegally in France for a decade before regularizing his status only fueled the anger of the right.

The retired generals alluded to the “suburban hordes” – a derogatory reference to predominantly Muslim immigrants gathered in aging high-rise apartment buildings around major French cities – which they said were pulling apart segments of the nation “to transform them. in territories subject to dogmas opposed to our Constitution. “

One of these dogmas, they clarified, was “Islamism” and another rampant “racism” – a word often used in France to denounce the importation from the United States of forms of identity politics that see the problems through. the prism of race.

Ms. Le Pen has embarked on what French commentators call a “trivialization” operation aimed at making her appear more mainstream. Its explosion clearly did not help this effort. She later attempted to pivot in a radio interview, saying all issues should be resolved peacefully.

Mr Darmanin’s bill, if approved by parliament, would pave the way for increased use of computer algorithms that enable automatic processing of phone data and web addresses to detect potential terrorist threats. This use, patchy and experimental until now, would be enshrined in law and the intelligence services would be able to keep the data for research purposes for up to two months.

Laurent Nuñez, national coordinator of intelligence and the fight against terrorism in France, told France Inter that this technique would apply to communications with people living in sensitive areas, such as Syria, where strongholds of jihadist terrorists remain. .

“An algorithm of tomorrow will not be able to detect the content of this communication,” said Nuñez, by way of example. But he would be able to “detect that an individual in France has come into contact with an individual in northwestern Syria”.

The intelligence services could then request permission to investigate the case further.

Mr Darmanin, responding to fears that civil liberties could be seriously violated, said several levels of permission would be required before listening to conversations of people detected as suspicious by algorithms.

Concerns about violations of civil liberties in the fight against terrorism have been increasing for some time. Arthur Messaud, lawyer for an association for the defense of personal rights and freedoms online, told France Info that the scope of the new measures was not clear. For example, would all instant messaging be monitored?

The bill would also allow the government to monitor terrorists who have served their prison sentences by forcing them to live in certain areas, restricting their movements and preventing them from going anywhere – such as a sports stadium – which presents “a particular risk of terrorism”.

Constant Meheut contribution to reports.





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G7 countries sign declaration to ensure Internet security and openness https://annonce-fr.com/g7-countries-sign-declaration-to-ensure-internet-security-and-openness/ https://annonce-fr.com/g7-countries-sign-declaration-to-ensure-internet-security-and-openness/#respond Wed, 28 Apr 2021 14:26:00 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/g7-countries-sign-declaration-to-ensure-internet-security-and-openness/ The G7 countries have signed a new declaration that promises to strengthen online security around the world in accordance with the principles of open democracy. The joint ministerial declaration, signed by technology leaders from the UK, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the US and the EU, agreed on a set of principles to combat cyber risks. […]]]>

The G7 countries have signed a new declaration that promises to strengthen online security around the world in accordance with the principles of open democracy.

The joint ministerial declaration, signed by technology leaders from the UK, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, the US and the EU, agreed on a set of principles to combat cyber risks. They stress that any action taken to fight cybercrime must support democratic ideals and respect human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The announcement came amid growing concerns about the influence of illiberal-valued nations, such as China, in cyberspace, and the market power of major tech platforms, which potentially threatens competition and even freedom of movement. ‘line expression.

The agreements concern the following areas:

  • Internet Safety Principles, in which G7 countries are committed to protecting human rights online and agree that tech companies are responsible for the safety of their users
  • A framework for the use of electronic transferable documents to facilitate the use of digital solutions for the shipping of goods and trade finance by businesses
  • Agreement on the need for a more coordinated approach to regulating and promoting competition in digital markets
  • Cooperation between the G7 to develop best practices for safe and free flow of data in priority areas, including transport, science and research
  • Work together on how democratic governments and stakeholders can support the creation of digital technical standards that enable a free, open and secure internet

During the virtual meeting, hosted by UK Digital Secretary Oliver Dowden, G7 representatives also discussed the need to strengthen security and resilience in critical digital infrastructure, especially in telecommunications technologies such as 5G .

Dowden commented: “As a coalition of the world’s leading democracies and technology powers, we want to forge a compelling vision of how technology should support and improve open and democratic societies in the digital age.

“Together, we have agreed on a number of priorities in areas ranging from internet security to digital competition to ensure that the digital revolution is a democratic revolution that improves global prosperity for all.”

The agreements are part of the first of seven ministerial declarations expected to be signed this year by G7 governments.

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OpenClassrooms raises $ 80 million for its online education platform https://annonce-fr.com/openclassrooms-raises-80-million-for-its-online-education-platform/ https://annonce-fr.com/openclassrooms-raises-80-million-for-its-online-education-platform/#respond Wed, 28 Apr 2021 13:30:09 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/openclassrooms-raises-80-million-for-its-online-education-platform/ French Startup Open classrooms raised an $ 80 million Series C funding round led by Lumos Capital Group. The company operates an online education platform in French and English. Users can choose from 54 training programs and earn a diploma upon completion of the program – some of these programs lead to bachelor’s and master’s […]]]>


French Startup Open classrooms raised an $ 80 million Series C funding round led by Lumos Capital Group. The company operates an online education platform in French and English. Users can choose from 54 training programs and earn a diploma upon completion of the program – some of these programs lead to bachelor’s and master’s degrees recognized by the French state.

GSV, the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative (CZI) and Salesforce Ventures also participated in today’s fundraising round. Existing investors General Atlantic and Bpifrance have again invested in the company.

OpenClassrooms covers many different areas, from web development and digital marketing, to product management, human resources and sales. These routes are quite demanding, as it can take six to 12 months of full-time work to complete a training program. OpenClassrooms partners with mentors so they can help you stay motivated.

At the end of the program, the startup guarantees that you will find a job. If you’re having trouble finding a job, the company works with career coaches to make sure you find a job that’s right for you. In 2020, 4,300 students found employment or received a promotion after participating in an OpenClassrooms program.

In France, people are entitled to public subsidies to finance vocational training programs. And students can pay for OpenClassrooms courses using these public grants.

The company says the pandemic has had a positive impact on online education. Many people are looking for re-qualification and skills improvement opportunities and find themselves on OpenClassrooms. In addition to programs for individuals, the startup also offers courses to 1,400 companies.

Some companies, like Capgemini, have partnered with OpenClassrooms to offer learning programs. Students learn new skills and work for Capgemini at the same time. The apprenticeship program could be particularly attractive to high turnover companies that cannot find talent to fill vacancies. Currently 1,500 students are in an apprenticeship program.

It all works well; Q1 2021 revenue is 140% higher than Q1 2020 revenue. Recently, OpenClassrooms applied for B-Corp certification. The company always offers free lessons if you are looking for your next weekend project.



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France lifts protection for 10 Italian far-left terrorists – POLITICO https://annonce-fr.com/france-lifts-protection-for-10-italian-far-left-terrorists-politico/ https://annonce-fr.com/france-lifts-protection-for-10-italian-far-left-terrorists-politico/#respond Wed, 28 Apr 2021 12:54:40 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/france-lifts-protection-for-10-italian-far-left-terrorists-politico/ PARIS – The days when the French government offered protection to Italian far-left terrorists may be coming to an end. French police on Wednesday arrested seven convicted terrorists active in the 1970s and 1980s, including former members of the Red Brigades. The French authorities are still looking for three other terrorists who have not been […]]]>

PARIS – The days when the French government offered protection to Italian far-left terrorists may be coming to an end.

French police on Wednesday arrested seven convicted terrorists active in the 1970s and 1980s, including former members of the Red Brigades. The French authorities are still looking for three other terrorists who have not been found at home. The 10 individuals were convicted decades ago in Italy but eventually found protection in France.

The Paris Court of Appeal will now have to decide independently on their extradition to Italy.

“France, itself affected by terrorism, understands the absolute need for justice for victims,” ​​said an Elysee official, announcing the arrests. “It also supports, through this transmission, the imperative need to build a Europe of justice, in which mutual trust must be at the center.”

The move comes after “important bilateral preparatory work,” said the official, focused on reducing a list of 200 people initially targeted by the Italian government.

Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi welcomed this decision.

“The government expresses its satisfaction for France’s decision to initiate legal proceedings, requested by the Italian side, against those responsible for very serious terrorist crimes, which have left a wound still open,” Draghi said in a statement. “The memory of these barbaric acts is alive in the consciousness of Italians.”

The leader of the far-right Italian League party – currently enjoying the most domestic support, according to polls – also endorsed the arrests and urged French authorities to move forward with the extradition. “Now we want them to be in Italy”, Matteo Salvini mentionned on social networks.

Italian Justice Minister Marta Cartabia said in a statement that the French decision was “of historic significance”. She thanked her French counterpart, Eric Dupond-Moretti, for his “particular sensitivity to this dramatic page of our country and his willingness to cooperate”.

Under French Socialist President François Mitterrand, France in the 1980s offered refuge to far-left terrorists, refusing to extradite them to Italy, where particularly severe criminal laws and exceptional legal procedures had been implemented to fight against political terrorism.

But the policy – known as the “Mitterrand Doctrine” – did not necessarily apply to those involved in violent crimes, such as those arrested on Wednesday. This is why, according to the Elysee, the arrests are in accordance with doctrine.

“The 10 requests sent to the Paris Court of Appeal are strictly within the framework of the Mitterrand doctrine, since they relate to blood crimes”, explained the head of the Elysee.

The policy has traditionally been supported by the French intelligentsia. Earlier this month, a group of academics and lawyers published an opinion piece in Le Monde urging the government to uphold doctrine and not arrest former terrorists who “are now at retirement age”.

According to Italian police, the seven people arrested are: Enzo Calvitti, Giovanni Alimonti, Roberta Cappelli, Marina Petrella, Sergio Tornaghi (of the Red Brigades), Giorgio Pietrostefani (Lotta Continua), Narciso Manenti (Nuclei Armati contro il Potere territoriale.) three fugitives are Maurizio Di Marzio, Raffaele Ventura and Luigi Bergamin.

The “Mitterrand doctrine” – established by an oral declaration but never enshrined in written law – began to be gradually relaxed in the 2000s, when some Italian terrorists began to be extradited. But it was never formally repealed.

In 2007, a court in Versailles gave the green light for the extradition to Italy of Marina Petrella, one of those arrested on Wednesday. Petrella was involved in the kidnapping and murder of Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro in 1978 and sentenced to life imprisonment. But the then president, Nicolas Sarkozy refuse extradition for health reasons.

Rym Momtaz and Hannah Roberts contributed reporting.

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France struggles to accept fallout from murder of Jewish pensioner – POLITICO https://annonce-fr.com/france-struggles-to-accept-fallout-from-murder-of-jewish-pensioner-politico/ https://annonce-fr.com/france-struggles-to-accept-fallout-from-murder-of-jewish-pensioner-politico/#respond Wed, 28 Apr 2021 02:00:48 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/france-struggles-to-accept-fallout-from-murder-of-jewish-pensioner-politico/ PARIS – A controversial murder case in which the drug killer of a Jewish pensioner was declared unfit to stand trial has rocked France, raised concerns about the rise of anti-Semitism and pitted the president against senior justice officials. Earlier this month, judges at France’s highest court ruled that in April 2017, Kobili Traore killed […]]]>


PARIS – A controversial murder case in which the drug killer of a Jewish pensioner was declared unfit to stand trial has rocked France, raised concerns about the rise of anti-Semitism and pitted the president against senior justice officials.

Earlier this month, judges at France’s highest court ruled that in April 2017, Kobili Traore killed Sarah Halimi, 65, while she was suffering from a “fit of delirium” fueled by a heavy cannabis use and was unaware of what he was doing and did not face a trial.

The decision sparked a wave of public protests across France, with President Emmanuel Macron calling for the law to change. On Sunday, thousands of demonstrators gathered in Paris to demand justice for Halimi.

Macron’s position has in turn infuriated magistrates who say that interference by politicians is a threat to the independence of the judiciary. The government intended to introduce a new bill on this subject by the end of May.

“Deciding to take drugs and subsequently going ‘like a madman’ shouldn’t, in my opinion, abolish criminal liability,” Macron said.

Members of the Jewish community in France say the non-trial is the latest blow after a series of high-profile attacks on Jews.

“The relatives are angry, but I will not lie to you, they were not surprised by the decision,” said Gilles-William Goldnadel, lawyer for Halimi’s sister, Esther Lekover. “We got used to the justice system being in denial [about anti-Semitism]. ”

The Halimi case was only belatedly qualified as an anti-Semitic attack.

In a recent book, several public figures claim that Halimi’s death is an example new type of anti-Semitism in France, fueled by radical Islamism. Several attacks in recent years have specifically targeted the Jewish community – although the theory of the book itself is controversial among scholars.

Macron has vowed to fight what he calls Islamist separatism in France, pushing three security bills through parliament last year. The new measures include further restrictions on the wearing of religious symbols for public service employees, new hate speech offenses online and tighter controls on foreign funding of mosques.

As presidential elections approach next year, observers say Macron is seeking to occupy land covered by far-right Marine Le Pen, who blamed the rise of radical Islamism for the Halimi case and other anti-Semitic crimes. The far-right leader, who has struggled in recent years to distance herself from her father Jean-Marie, who has repeatedly denied the Holocaust, has tried to position herself as a defender of the Jewish community.

Members of the French judiciary say the courts have never denied that the attack on Halimi was anti-Semitic, but ultimately ruled that the author was not in the state of mind to stand trial.

The case against the killer

Traoré and Halimi lived in the same social housing building in the 11e district of Paris. Traoré, a 27-year-old drug addict with a history of petty crime, lived on the second floor, while Halimi, a 65-year-old Orthodox Jew, lived on the third floor.

In April 2017, Traoré broke into Halimi’s apartment, beat her and threw her from the balcony. During the attack, Traore chanted verses from the Koran and shouted “Allahu Akbar”, the court heard.

Psychiatrists who examined Traore concluded that he attacked his neighbor in a drug frenzy, but disagreed that he was aware of his actions. In December 2019, a lower court ruled that Traore was unaware of his actions, a verdict that confirmed by the highest court in France this month.

According to the court ruling, a panel of experts concluded that Traore was suffering from a “fit of delirium” and a “chronic state of psychosis” which “temporarily suspended his consciousness”. They wrote that Traore increased his drug use to calm his growing anxieties, a move that worsened his psychotic descent.

Without the possibility of appealing the decision, the relatives of Halimi take their case in Israel, where courts can review cases of anti-Semitism in other countries. They are also considering taking the case to the European Court of Human Rights.

France does not extradite its citizens, but Halimi’s lawyers hope that a guilty verdict in Israel would be a “symbol and a comfort to the family”.

License to kill?

The case has sparked a fierce debate over whether loopholes in French law mean drug use can be used to avoid a trial.

Lawmakers from Macron’s La République En Marche party say the law needs to be corrected.

“Driving under the influence, or taking drugs to go and commit a crime, are simple cases which are covered by the legislation in force, but there are much more complex cases”, declared Yaël Braun-Pivet, MP of Macron’s party. “Our law on criminal irresponsibility is very general and does not distinguish between the different reasons which have caused the state of irresponsibility.”

But the move has sparked fierce opposition among judges, who say parliamentary anger is a knee-jerk reaction to an individual case that has shocked the public.

“It is a heinous crime, and it is an emotional time,” said Sarah Massoud of the Union de la magistrature française, “but it is irresponsible and dangerous to say that we are going to reform the notion of criminal irresponsibility in the heat of the moment.

High level attacks

The decision drew attention to the fight against anti-Semitism in France after several deadly attacks on French Jews in recent years.

Global number of anti-Semitic acts in France has not increased significantly over the past decade, figures released by Jewish watchdog show SPCJ in 2019, but the violence of the high-profile attacks shocked many.

Recent attacks include a deadly terrorist attack on a kosher supermarket in the Paris suburbs in 2015 and the murder of a Holocaust survivor at her home in 2018.

Jean-Yves Camus, an expert on political extremism in France, said France denies anti-Semitism.

“There is a form of disbelief after the horror of what happened in World War II,” he said. “We believe that we are safe from a return of anti-Semitism.”

“There are new forms of anti-Semitism, not only radical Islam and the traditional far-right variety, but also those with cultural prejudices against Jews,” he said.





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European Super League to include Real Madrid and six Premier League teams https://annonce-fr.com/european-super-league-to-include-real-madrid-and-six-premier-league-teams/ https://annonce-fr.com/european-super-league-to-include-real-madrid-and-six-premier-league-teams/#respond Tue, 27 Apr 2021 07:00:00 +0000 https://annonce-fr.com/european-super-league-to-include-real-madrid-and-six-premier-league-teams/ LONDON – A dozen of the richest and richest football clubs in the world announced on Sunday that they have formed a separatist European club competition which, if it comes to fruition, would upend the structures, economy and relations that unite world football for almost a century. . After months of secret talks, the separatist […]]]>


LONDON – A dozen of the richest and richest football clubs in the world announced on Sunday that they have formed a separatist European club competition which, if it comes to fruition, would upend the structures, economy and relations that unite world football for almost a century. .

After months of secret talks, the separatist teams – which include Real Madrid and Barcelona in Spain; Manchester United and Liverpool in England; and Juventus and AC Milan in Italy – confirmed their plans on Sunday night. They said they plan to add at least three more founding members, organize midweek games that will put the league in direct competition with the existing Champions League and start playing “as soon as possible”.

“We are going to help football at all levels and bring it to its rightful place in the world,” said Real Madrid president Florentino Pérez, who has been appointed. the first president of what the clubs called the Super League.

The league they agreed to form – an alliance of top clubs closer in the concept of closed leagues like the NFL and NBA than the current model of football – would lead to the most significant restructuring of elite European football. since the 1950s, and could herald the largest transfer of wealth to a small group of teams in modern sports history.

In its current form, European football complements the game of the national league – an English league for English teams, a Spanish league for Spanish clubs – with continental competitions between the best clubs. The most prestigious of them, the Champions League, brings together each year the best teams from each national championship to play for the title of best club in Europe, and arguably the best club in the world.

The current system transfers hundreds of millions of dollars in annual TV and sponsorship income to the world’s wealthiest clubs, which supplement their domestic income with multi-million dollar Champions League payouts. But the format also supports smaller teams in each country, who benefit from the brilliance of their encounters with the giants and share the money those teams make to broadcasters.

The new superleague model would change that, stripping the Champions League of its most attractive and successful teams and effectively isolating the wealthiest clubs in their own closed competition – and allowing them to share the billions of dollars of annual income between them. According to the Super League announcement, the founding clubs will share 3.5 billion euros (nearly 4.2 billion dollars) to commit to creating “a sustainable financial foundation”. The squad figure means each founding club will receive around $ 400 million, more than four times what the Champions League winner won. in 2020.

The 12 teams that have registered as founders are, for the moment, limited to ten Spanish, Italian and English clubs. A cohort of six Premier League teams – United, Liverpool, Manchester City, Arsenal, Chelsea and Tottenham – represent the largest grouping in a single country. Atlético Madrid are the other Spanish team that have reportedly approved the plan, while Milan rivals Internazionale and AC Milan are said to join Juventus as representatives of Italy.

Three more clubs will join as founding – and therefore permanent – members, organizers said, and a qualifying mechanism will be created to fill the remaining five places in the 20-team Super League each season.

A women’s league will also be launched, according to the announcement, likely including women’s teams from several of the same clubs.

European football officials acted quickly to try to block the project. The Premier League condemned concept in a statement on Sunday and also sent a letter to its 20 member clubs warning them not to participate. Officials at European football’s governing body UEFA, which leads the Champions League, called the closed superleague proposal a “cynical project” in a statement.

The missive was co-signed by the Premier League, La Liga in Spain and Italian Serie A, as well as the football federations of each country. Within hours, the French federation and the French league had joined their voices to growing opposition inner key European football circles. Politicians, including British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and French President Emmanuel Macron have also spoken out to denounce the plans.

But UEFA took the threat seriously. Its leaders have spent the weekend discussing how to block the plan, including banning separatist teams from their national leagues and preventing their players from competing for their national teams in events like the World Cup. EU officials have also pointedly reminded future superleague clubs (and, indeed, their players) that football’s world governing body FIFA has backed their threats of expulsion.

FIFA on Sunday expressed its “disapproval” of the concept of a closed league, but refrained from the type of threats launched by senior European officials.

“We will examine all the measures at our disposal, at all levels, both judicial and sporting, in order to prevent this from happening”, the UEFA press release says. “Football is based on open competitions and on sporting merit; It can not be otherwise. “

At the same time, football officials have also started to contact European Union lawmakers, hoping the bloc would be able to strengthen its hand in preserving the status quo.

The leaders of the separatist group have tried to convince other top teams, such as Bayern Munich and Borussia Dortmund and French champion Paris St.-Germain, to sign up. But to date, these clubs – and others – have refused to move away from the national structures and continental competitions that have underpinned European football for generations.

Their concerns can be political and financial. PSG president Nasser al-Khelaifi sits on the UEFA board of directors, for example, and also runs beIN Media Group, the Qatar-based TV channel that has paid millions of dollars for broadcast rights. Champions League matches and various national competitions. .

The Premier League, however, wrote to its 20 clubs after its board meeting on Sunday, warning teams that bar club league rules cannot join outside competitions without approval.

“This business cannot be started without the English clubs and we call on any club considering partnering or joining this business to withdraw immediately before irreparable damage is done,” he said in a letter. to the teams.

The timing for Sunday’s news appears to have overshadowed UEFA’s plans to ratify a newly-designed Champions League on Monday. This competition would be devastated by the departure of its biggest teams.

The repercussions of a split between European football and its best-known, best-followed and wealthiest clubs would be seismic. Without the top teams, UEFA and the domestic leagues would face millions of dollars in reimbursement demands from broadcasters who pay billions for TV rights to broadcast their tournaments. Excluded clubs would face a severe blow to their budgets as many still grapple with the financial wreckage caused by the coronavirus pandemic. And any ban on playing for the national team would affect the players individually, even if they had no role in decision-making.

Among the most notable teams involved in the separatist group is Juventus, the Italian serial champion. Its president, Andrea Agnelli, was until Sunday – when he resigned his two posts – a member of the UEFA executive board and also at the head of the European Club Association, which brings together more than 200 top clubs. division, the majority of which be excluded from the proposed Super League.

When asked this year by The New York Times to discuss his role in separatist league talks, Agnelli brushed off the idea as a “rumor.”

Yet, according to documents reviewed by The Times in January, plans for the Separatist League had gathered pace since last summer. Top clubs have sought to take advantage of the uncertainty in the football industry caused by the pandemic to chart a new course that would provide them with some financial stability, but almost certainly lead to significant loss of value and income – and potentially devastating. for teams excluded from the project.

Each of the potential permanent members of the proposed superleague has been promised 350 million euros, or $ 425 million, to register, according to the documents. The group leading the effort had started discussions with JPMorgan Chase to raise funds for the project, according to people familiar with the matter. The firm has so far declined to comment.

Earlier this year, UEFA found a strong ally against FIFA’s plans, which warned that any player who participated in such an unauthorized league would not be allowed to participate in any of its tournaments, including the World Cup. The statement comes after UEFA President Aleksander Ceferin asked for the support of his FIFA counterpart Gianni Infantino amid growing speculation that the separatist group had FIFA backing.

On Sunday evening, even Juventus’ Agnelli-led alliance of clubs, ECA, appeared to reject his idea.

Significant obstacles to the implementation of the plan remain. Governing bodies and leagues could follow through on threats to expel clubs and their players. As member-owned clubs, Barcelona and Real Madrid would most likely need the support of thousands of their supporters before officially joining, and any German club that agreed to participate would face similar obstacles. All can also expect strong internal opposition; fan groups across Europe have always opposed the very idea of ​​a closed superleague.

On Sunday, a group of supporters, Football Supporters Europe, called the superleague idea “illegitimate, irresponsible and anti-competitive by design”.

“Specifically, he is exclusively motivated by greed,” the group said. “The only ones to win are the hedge funds, the oligarchs and a handful of already wealthy clubs, many of which perform poorly in their own domestic leagues despite their inherent advantage.”





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