IPCC Climate Change Report Shows Time Is Running Out For All And India Must Act Quickly In The Right Direction
The pressure on India is likely to increase as more than 100 countries have already announced plans to achieve net zero emissions by mid-century, including large emitters like the United States, China and the European Union.
Since China is the largest emitter of fossil fuel carbon dioxide emissions in the world followed by the United States, the responsibility of these two countries is even greater than that of India which is only the third largest emitter. Even in the economic development and the standard of living of the people, India is far behind them. Additionally, China’s contribution to global emissions is around 30 percent and that of the United States around 15 percent, while India’s contributes just over 7 percent. .
The IPCC has said a global goal of net zero in the minimum requirement to be met by 2050 to keep global warming at 1.5 degrees C. Even China has a goal of net zero by 2060, and the US and the EU by 2050. Currently India does not have a net zero target, but there will be pressure on India to accept 2050 as a net zero year. And it looks like India will have no choice but to declare a net zero target year as soon as possible.
With this in mind, India will need to make a rapid transition at unimaginable speed to replace traditional energy with non-hydropower renewables beyond 80% by 2050, to match the emission level. and the absorption rate. Most of the countries that have already agreed to the net zero emissions target have forecast substantial emissions reductions after 2035.
Countries have climate plan actions and according to the Paris agreement on climate change, each country is required to update and submit its NDCs every five years. Each country submitted plans as part of the NDCs and told the world what they intended to do by 2025 or 2030. The 2015 Paris Agreement required each country to submit NDCs to ‘by 2020.