vote in Afghanistan highlights differences between India and China and Russia | India News

NEW DELHI: While the United Nations Security Council resolution to ensure that sanctions do not hamper humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan was unanimously adopted, negotiations for the resolution have again brought evidence of “strong divisions” within the Council on Afghanistan.
China and Russia opposed strict surveillance and a short deadline for exemption from sanctions to facilitate aid, although countries like India and France supported a proposal to do so.
India voted in favor of the resolution because it welcomed the provision for a 12-month review of the “humanitarian exclusion”. Indian Ambassador TS Tirumurti called on the Council to monitor and ensure there is no “abuse or embezzlement”.
China and Russia, with which India is working closely on the Afghanistan issue, assured that there was no time limit for the exemption. This has raised concerns that the US-sponsored resolution effectively marks the beginning of the end of the Taliban-linked sanctions regime.
India’s position on the Taliban has been qualified, with the government offering Afghanistan 50,000 tonnes of wheat as well as medicines as humanitarian aid, while simultaneously asserting that the dispensation in Kabul lacks legitimacy. For India, it is important to ensure that the Taliban sever ties with Pakistan-based terrorist groups like LeT and JeM before considering supporting any initiative to grant international recognition to the Taliban. Many countries fear that unregulated aid flows will further strengthen the power of the Taliban.
According to the Security Council report, which closely follows the functioning of the Council and provides “independent” information, strong divisions have emerged during negotiations among members who have supported a short deadline for the provisions of the resolution and the stricter reporting requirements, such as France and India, and those who did not want a fixed deadline for resolution provisions, such as China and Russia.
The United States, as a “pen-holder” for the resolution, has reportedly upheld China’s objection to a delay in securing Beijing’s support. While the review after one year of exemption is important, it will not automatically end the humanitarian exemption, but will require another Council resolution to end the exemption and re-impose the restrictions lifted now. Such a resolution will almost certainly be vetoed by China and Russia. France called the absence of an error period and urged the Council to reconsider the decision “depending on how future events unfold.”
Contrary to the position taken by China and Russia, according to the Security Council report, India, France, the United Kingdom and Estonia argued that the Council reconsider the exemption within a shorter timeframe by due to the dynamic nature of the situation on the ground. The final draft did not mention any time limit, although it did indicate that the Council would review the implementation of the provision after a period of one year.
According to the Security Council report, the frequency of accountability for the provision of humanitarian assistance by humanitarian agencies was another topic of discussion during the negotiations. India and several other countries wanted strict surveillance to ensure funds were not diverted to terrorist groups.
“It appears that these Council members also wanted to ensure that mandatory reporting requirements were placed on non-UN humanitarian organizations claiming the exemption. Other members opposed these reporting requirements on the grounds that they create a undue burden on humanitarian organizations, ”the report said. In an apparent compromise, the report added, it was decided that the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) would be primarily responsible for reporting on humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan while the exemption was in place. .

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